SECTION I

MANAGEMENT -- GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

A. Operate observing food safety policies and procedures
B. Maintaining  policies and procedures
  1. PIC (Person in Charge)
  2. Smoking area
  3. Ethical truth in menu practices
C. Hazard Analysis and control
D. Manager communication and employee training
E. Operational improvement
F. Handling emergencies
G. Program  enforcement, recognition, and renewal

A.  We shall operate observing the following food safety policies and procedures.
Definitions:
Policy:  A rule that management wants everyone to follow.  It is not necessarily from the government.
Procedure:  How employees are to do a task.
Standard:  The outcome of a procedure.  A condition that can be measured and has been validated as achievable if the procedure is followed.
          It is the policy of this establishment to operate so that there is complete assurance that both customers and employees will receive the optimum nourishment, and will never be made ill from our food, or be injured by a foreign object in our food.
In order to achieve this operating standard, we will be guided by the Food and Drug Administration's Foodservice Sanitation recommended ordinance, our local state and city rules, and this Hazard Analysis Critical Control-Based, Food Safety Policy, Procedures, and Standards Manual.
    All persons will follow a four-step Quality Assurance cycle.
        1)  They will plan the food production operation, and how it can be done safely.
        2)  They will organize and learn to do each production step and any related tasks correctly.
        3)  They will operate, doing tasks according to the procedures and standards of this manual, and will immediately check that they have met necessary standards at each production step.
        4)  Employees will measure and evaluate what they have done, and will make suggestions to management as to how tasks and steps can be improved in the next operating cycle with a higher degree of Quality Assurance.
              -  If a person does not know how to do a task in the production of food safely, he or she will stop, ask, and then be taught to do it correctly by designated supervisory personnel.  In case of a mistake, he or she will take any necessary action immediately to assure that customers or other employees are not injured or made ill.
              -  Employees will monitor their work.  In case of a mistake, employees will take any necessary action immediately to assure the production of safe food products.  Employees will stop and report potentially hazardous food handling practices, potentially hazardous conditions, or potentially hazardous foods to the supervisor, immediately.
              -  Employees will stop and immediately report potentially hazardous food handling practices, potentially hazardous conditions, or potentially hazardous foods to the supervisor.  Management must be notified as soon as possible if the situation is not corrected and there is still a hazard.

B.  Maintaining policies and procedures. Owner/CEO/manager shall maintain policies and procedures for employees to follow in order to assure the production, sale, and/or dispensing of safe food products of designated quality.
  1.  PIC (Person in Charge)
        Responsible for assuring compliance by all personnel shall be assigned to competent supervisory personnel.
        Personnel who are responsible for identifying sanitation failures or food contamination shall have a background or education and/or experience to enable them to produce clean, safe food.
        Training shall include proper food handling techniques, food protection principles, and the danger of poor personal hygiene and unsanitary practices.
        There shall be at all times at least one supervisory level person on duty during all operating hours, trained in the prevention of foodborne illness and injury.
      A PIC will answer technical questions and provide coaching as needed for transfer of training, organization, self-directed learning, and employee improved performance.
      The PIC shall perform the following duties:
            -  Assure that no unauthorized persons are allowed in the food operations area / kitchen.
            -  Assure that those authorized will comply with the policies, procedures, and standards of this document.
            -  Monitor employee hand washing.
            -  Monitor employee food receiving.
            -  Monitor employees in the preparation of potentially hazardous food.
            -  Monitor the cooling of food.
            -  Inform consumers of the health risk when they order raw or partially cooked foods of animal origin.
            -  Assure that employees are properly sanitizing cleaned, multi-use equipment and utensils.
            -  Assure that consumers are notified that clean tableware is to be used when they return to self-service areas.
            -  Assure that employees are properly trained in food safety as it relates to their assigned duties.
  2.  Smoking areas.  The PICs shall assure compliance with smoking / nonsmoking policies as declared by local or state regulations and/or by the establishment.
  3.  Ethical truth in menu practices.  Menus shall contain no incorrect or deceptive merchandising terms relating to the method of preparation, characteristics, or geographic points of origin of a food product that cannot be verified by the supplier.  Any products that have been frozen, canned, or preserved to extend shelf life shall not be labeled as "fresh."  The representation of weight, price, brand, number, quality, standard, or grade of products shall be accurate or consistent with the menu and advertised claims.  Customers shall be notified whenever a food is substituted.

C.  Hazard analysis and control
Owners/CEOs/managers shall:
      Continually analyze the operations processes to find new and recurring food hazards through food safety audits, environmental monitoring, and self inspections to identify jobs and processes that have hazards that could lead to foodborne illness.
      Mandate the use of the Retail Food Operation Food Hazard Control Checklist (Section XI, encl. 3) based on safety-assured policies, procedures and standards.
      Maintain appropriate equipment programs to cover the calibration, use, cleaning, maintenance, and eventual replacement of equipment.
      Maintain an up-to-date cleaning and sanitation schedule for all facility areas and equipment with specified employee assignments.  Cleaning and sanitizing of utensils and equipment shall be conducted so as to protect against contamination of food, food contact surfaces, or food packaging materials.
            i.  Follow a written cleaning and sanitation program for all equipment and premises (production and storage areas) that includes the name of the responsible person; the frequency of the activity; the procedures for cleaning and sanitizing; the chemicals and concentrations used; the temperature requirements; and the type and frequency of inspection to verify the effectiveness of the program.
            ii.  Procedures for cleaning and sanitizing will be as follows:  identify equipment and utensils; identify areas on the equipment requiring special attention; and follow method of cleaning, sanitizing, and rinsing.
            iii.  Chemicals must be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.  There will be Material Safety Data Sheets for all chemicals.
            iv.  The sanitation program should be carried out in a manner that does not contaminate food or packaging materials during or following cleaning and sanitizing (e.g., aerosols, chemical residues).
            v.  The effectiveness of the sanitation program will be monitored and verified by an audit or pre-operational inspections of premises and equipment or, where appropriate, by microbiological sampling.  The sanitation program will be adjusted accordingly.
            vi.  Operations will begin only after sanitation requirements are met.
      Maintain a list of the ingredients in foods sold to customers so that employees can correctly answer customer questions concerning ingredients used to prepare menu items.
            -  Employees shall be educated to know that some individuals are allergic to certain foods or ingredients and must receive accurate information regarding the presence of these foods or ingredients in any item served or sold by the facility.

D.  Manager communication and employee training
Owners/CEOs/managers:
      Shall provide training for PICs and supervisors in pertinent food safety matters, food safety leadership, coaching, and employee empowerment to take action at any time to prevent a problem.
      Shall provide training for new employees in pertinent food safety concerns.
      Communicate the food safety program to all employees in monthly training sessions of at least 15 minutes.
      Maintain a written training program.
      Maintain records of training that include: date, topic, content, attendance.
      All employees shall be issued with documented company rules with regard to hygiene policy.
      Provisions shall be made to train those employees who are not proficient in English.
      Additional training shall be provided as necessary to ensure current knowledge of equipment and process technology.

E.  Operational improvement
Owners/CEOs/managers shall:
      Support improvement of unit performance.
          - PICs, supervisors, and employees shall constantly be aware of environmental conditions, equipment failure, and facility and process performance.  Immediate action must be taken to correct problems.
          - Systematic audits shall be performed in order to evaluate prevention system weaknesses; analyze the cause of problems; take action through improved policies, procedures, and standards and system development to prevent future problems.

Examples of charts that can be used for operational improvement include:

  • Weekly Self-improvement Schedule  (Section I, encl. 1)
  • Yearly Self-improvement Schedule (Section I, encl. 2)
  • Corrective Action Log and Preventive Action Schedule (Section I, encl. 3)
  • Quality Management Team (Section I, encl. 4)
  • Cause-Effect Analysis Diagram (Section I, encl. 5)
  • Cause-Effect Analysis Worksheet (Section I, encl. 6)
  • Problem-Opportunity Action Plan and Program (Section I, encl. 7)
  • Group Action Log (Section I, encl. 8)
  • Individual Action Log (Section I, encl. 9)
  • F.  Handling emergencies
            Information and/or training in handling emergencies shall be given to all personnel.
                -  Personnel shall call 911 for emergencies, which include fire, burglary, and any life-threatening situations.
            Food-related injury or illness.  Customer and/or employee complaints of food-related injury or illness of which the facility is suspected shall be reported to health authorities for investigation.
             Personnel in the foodservice or food production unit must cooperate in any investigation that may be necessary.  A customer's health or life and the operation's reputation may depend on the results of an investigation.  A sample of any suspect food should be saved in a clean container kept in the refrigerator.  The health department may need samples for microbiological testing.  If it will be more than 24 hours, the sample should be frozen.  While freezing will destroy some of the pathogens, enough should survive to give a positive test if they are present in sufficient numbers to be a hazard.  If the sample is not frozen and is held in the refrigerator, spoilage microorganisms may multiply to such an extent that they can greatly exceed the number of pathogens in the food and cause the pathogens to be undetectable mask the pathogenic cause of illness.
             According to the FDA, there are three primary reasons that the sanitarian or health department may investigate a facility for reported foodborne illness.  These are:  (1) to identify the responsible food in order to stop its continued distribution and sale or to recall or embargo lots already in the distribution channels, (2) to identify the causative agent so that medical personnel can effectively treat the patients, and (3) to determine how and why the outbreak occurred so that steps can be taken to prevent future outbreaks.
             Sanitarians have specific guidelines for sampling the product and submitting it for microbiological analysis.  Cooperation with the health department is always appropriate and necessary.

    Examples of charts that can be used to prevent and handle food related injury and illness include:

    G.  Program  enforcement, recognition, and renewal
    Owners/CEOs/managers shall:
          Conduct verification audits to determine that all hazards are identified, controls are adequate, and actual operations are in compliance with the company's policies, procedures, and standards.
          Maintain employee records of disciplinary actions and warnings.
          Recognize efforts and achievements of employees.
          Renew enthusiasm by providing for celebration of safety achievements.
          Hold subordinates responsible for safety results.  All personnel shall be responsible for knowing how to perform the tasks to which they are assigned.  Performing tasks to prepare food safely is learned behavior.  A person is not ready until he/she can demonstrate that he/she can perform to specified standards.  Excuses such as "I forgot" will result in immediate retraining.
          Maintain the following policy:  Any employee who knowingly fails to follow the policies, procedures, and standards in this manual shall be _____________________________________ (fill in action to be taken).


    Encl. 1
    WEEKLY SELF-IMPROVEMENT SCHEDULE
    Things to do this week:

     1.   Management 
    a.   Management commitment and involvement 
    b.   Hazard analysis and control 
    c.   Written program 
    d.   Communication and training 
    e.   Problem investigation and action 
    f.   Program enforcement, recognition, and renewal 

    2.   Personnel 

    3.   Environment 

    4.   Facilities 

    5.   Equipment 

    6.   Supplies and materials 

    7.   Food production and service 

    8.   Consumer
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     

    Date:  From _____________ to _____________


    Urgent weekly goals:
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.

    Things to do                                       Accomplishments



    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    T
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    W
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Th
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    F
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Sa
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Su
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________


    Encl. 2
    YEARLY SELF-IMPROVEMENT SCHEDULE
    Jan
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Jul
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Feb
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Aug
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Mar
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Sep
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Apr
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Oct
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    May
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Nov
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Jun
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    Dec
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________
    _____________________________________________


    Encl. 3
    CORRECTIVE ACTION LOG AND PREVENTIVE ACTION SCHEDULE
    Brief Description of the Hazard-Problem 
     Target Date
     Name of Person Identifying
    Date Logged 
    Planned Action
     Date of Correction
     Initialed by Supervisor/
    Manager
                 


    Encl. 4
    QUALITY MANAGEMENT TEAM
    Problem--Opportunity Identification Worksheet

    Subject area ____________________________________________________  Date  ___________________
    Persons contributing _______________________________________________________________________
     

    Hazards, Problems, Errors, Opportunities
    Effect and Actual Potential Costs (Itemize)
      Action Priority

     
     
     
     
     
     

     


    Encl. 5
    CAUSE-EFFECT ANALYSIS DIAGRAM
    Problem-Effect
     

     

    ____
    Desired Outcome
     

     

    Mistakes / Factors Causing the Problem  Changes Needed for Control Removal and Prevention
    Procedures

     

    Supplies

     

    Equipment

     

    Environment / Facilities

     

    Personnel

     

    Management

     


    Encl. 6
    CAUSE-EFFECT ANALYSIS WORKSHEET


    Problem/Opportunity:  Who wants it?  Payoff? 

     

    What we want to make happen; operating condition to achieve. 

     

    Mistakes/Factors Causing the Problem
    (Management, Personnel, Environment, Facilities, Equipment, Supplies, Procedures)
    Changes Needed for Control, Removal, and Prevention
    (Who?  What?  Where?  When?  How? to achieve what goal?  Propose a solution, test, make adjustments, implement.)

     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     


    Encl. 7
    PROBLEM-OPPORTUNITY ACTION PLAN AND PROGRAM


    Goal (What is to be accomplished)

     

    Payoff (Financial, others)

     

    Background (Who, what, where, when, how, why)

     

    Approval (Who is responsible, approved goal, provides resources)

     

    Planning Steps
     Who Will Do What 
    By When
     How
     Added Info

     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     


    Encl. 8
    GROUP ACTION LOG
    Date __________________________________________ Person responsible ________________________________
    Describe the next step, tasks, goals, and reporting data
     

     

    Describe accomplishments and problems vs. plans
     

     

    Date __________________________________________ Person responsible ________________________________
    Describe the next step, tasks, goals, and reporting data
     

     

    Describe accomplishments and problems vs. plans
     

     

    Date __________________________________________ Person responsible ________________________________
    Describe the next step, tasks, goals, and reporting data
     

     

    Describe accomplishments and problems vs. plans
     

     

    Date __________________________________________ Person responsible ________________________________
    Describe the next step, tasks, goals, and reporting data
     

     

    Describe accomplishments and problems vs. plans
     

     

    Date __________________________________________ Person responsible ________________________________
    Describe the next step, tasks, goals, and reporting data
     

     

    Describe accomplishments and problems vs. plans
     

     

    Date __________________________________________ Person responsible ________________________________
    Describe the next step, tasks, goals, and reporting data
     

     

    Describe accomplishments and problems vs. plans
     

     


    Encl. 9
    INDIVIDUAL ACTION LOG

    Person ______________________________________
     

    Describe next step, goal, reporting date
    Describe accomplishment and problems vs. plans

     
     
     
     
     
     

     


    Encl. 10
    1. Please describe the hazard or problem. 

     

    2. What effect does this have on our operation? 

     

    3. What do you think is the cause? 

     

    4. What is your recommendation to remove the cause of the hazard or problem?  (NOTE:  This is optional on your part.  You may leave this portion blank.)

     

    Name ________________________________________________  Date __________________  Time __________
    Department where the hazard or problem was observed  ________________________________________________

    You will be contacted within 48 hours to acknowledge your QA Problem Report.
    This report will not be considered resolved until the solution is approved by your signature on this document.


    Encl. 11
    ACTION TO CORRECT



     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    Date received                                                                                                                                                                            Time
    Responsible manager / supervisor 
    Assigned to for analysis
    The cause of the problem
     
     
     

     

    Corrective action planned
     
     
     

     

    Approved                                                                                                                                                                                   Date
    Target completion date
    Actual completion date
    Employee / customer feedback to
    Has the problem been corrected?      _____ Yes     _____ No
    Employee signature / customer acknowledgment                                                                                                          Date


    Encl. 12
    FOODBORNE ILLNESS INFORMATION FORM


    Information received from:

    Address:
     
     
     

    Phone  (______)____________ (H)          (______)____________ (W)

    What is the best way to contact you? 
     

    Name of person with illness:

    Address:
     
     
     

    Phone  (______)____________ (H)          (______)____________ (W)

    What is the best way to contact this person?
     

    Complaint:
     
     
     
     

     


     
    Place food was eaten 

    Date/Time food was eaten 

    Date/Time food was  saved 

    Suspect food 

    Waitress/waiter 

    Where did customer sit? 

    Is customer taking medication? 

    What type? 

    Was medical care sought? (doctor/hospital/address) 
     
     
     
     
     

     

     Food items consumed

    Alcoholic beverage before meal 

    Appetizer 

    Salad (bar)

    Dressing 

    Main course 

    Side dish 

    Non alcoholic beverage during meal (including water) 

    Alcoholic beverage during meal 

    Bread & butter 

    Dessert 

    Alcoholic beverage after meal 
     

    Names of other persons in the party.
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.
    6.
    7.
    8.



    Encl. 13
    ACTION REPORT

    1. EXPRESS SINCERE CONCERN ABOUT THE PROBLEM.  Do not acknowledge responsibility.  It may not be the fault of your operation.  Ask the customer if food was taken from the establishment.  If the customer has any leftover suspect food, tell them to refrigerate it (not to freeze it) and save it for possible analysis.

    2. Inform the person that the items consumed will be checked.  The problem will be brought to the attention of the general manager, who will investigate and call back within 24 hours.

    3. If the problem continues, the ill customer should contact his or her physician (at his or her expense).

    4. Call the general manager immediately.

    5. Find and save about 1 pound (1 pint) of any suspect food, if possible.  Refrigerate in a clean container, covered, labeled, and separated from all other foods. If it cannot be analyzed in 24 hours, freeze the sample.
     
     

    Person recording information 

    Date and time of complaint 
     

    Complaint follow-up by manager

    1. Customer's guest check compensated:  __ yes   __ no   $____________

    2. Local health department involved:  __ yes  __ no   name________________________

    3. Any increased employee absence due to illness:  __ yes   __ no

    4. List food and food equipment temperatures taken on the day of the incident 

    5. Quantity of suspect food served during the meal period 

    6. Date it was prepared 

    7. Source and brand of involved foods 
     

    Complaint follow-up by QA
     

     



     
     

    To Table of Contents
    To Section II